PROBLEMS

DIRECTIONS: Study the alternative choices.

Give answer:

(1) if only argument I is strong;

(2) if only argument II is strong;

(3) if either I or II is strong;

(4) if neither I nor II is strong and;

(5) if both I and II are strong.

 

1) Should there be a complete ban on manufacture of fire crackers in India?

Arguments:

I. No, this will render thousands of workers jobless.

II.Yes, the firecrackers use child labour to a large extent.

 

2) Should the tuition fees in all postgraduate course be hiked considerably?

Arguments:

I. Yes, this will bring in some sense of seriousness among the students and will improve the quality

II. No, this will force the meritorious poor students to stay away from postgraduate courses.

 

3)Should India allow the multinationals to explore the resource available under sea in its vast economic zone?

Arguments:

I. Yes, India does not have enough technical and financial resources to conduct such exploration.

II. No, this will endanger the sovereign status of the country.

 

4) Should the private companies be allowed to operate passenger train services in India?

Arguments:

I. Yes, this will improve quality of services in Indian Railways and it will give severe   competition.

II. The private companies may not agree to operate in the non profitable sectors.

 

5) Is the post of ‘Governor of the State’ necessary?

Arguments:

I. Yes – Governor is an important link between the Centre and the State.

II. No – Governor is only a nominated officer and is not a democratically elected representative of the people.

 

6) Should the Institution of marriage be abolished?

Arguments:

I. Yes – Most of the women are victims of this system for several years.

II. No – The Institution of marriage is essential for survival of the society.

 

7) Can India compete effectively in the International market-in the field of Information Technology?

Arguments:

I. Yes – Why not?

II. No – India is afraid of such competition.

 

8) Should Political Parties be banned from taking out processions on public roads?

Arguments:

I. Yes    –  It creates a great inconvenience to commuters.

II. No –  They have the freedom of speech and the right to demonstrate the same through such medium.

 

9) Statement: Should telecasting feature films be stopped?

Arguments:

I. Yes. Young children are misguided by the feature films.

II.No. This is the only way to educate the masses.

 

10) Statement: Should all the remote parts of a country be connected by road?

Arguments:

I. No. It will disturb peaceful simple life of the villagers.

II. Yes. It must be done immediately.


ANSWERS

1) Step I: Argument II fails in test because it can be categorized as weak argument..

Fire crackers manufacturers use child labour to a large extent but complete ban on the manufacture of fire crackers is not a right course to pursue. There are better courses of action to remove the employment of child labour  in cracker industry.

Argument I passes test since it is not a

  • Weak argument
  • Ambiguous argument
  • Very simple argument
  • Superfluous argument
  • Question-back argument ;

 

Step II: Argument I will follow because it is logically probable.

Step III: Argument I is desirable.

Step IV: Argument I is properly related with course of action. Here complete ban on manufacture of fire crackers is refuted because it will render thousands of workers jobless.

Hence only argument I is strong. So your right choice is Ans (1)

 

2) Step I: Argument I fails to clear this test because it comes upder superfluous argument. The argument is related to trivial aspect.

Argument II passes test because it.is not a

  • Weak argument
  • Ambiguous argument
  • Very simple argument
  • Superfluous argument
  • Question back argument

Step II: Argument II will follow since it is logically probable. .

Step III: Argument II is desirable.

Step IV: Argument II is properly related with course of action. Here hike in fees for post-graduate courses have been opposed because this will force the meritorious poor students to stay away from post-graduate courses.

Hence only argument II is strong. So your answer is Ans (2)

 

3) Step I: Both arguments pass this test because none of them is a

(i)  Weak argument

(ii) Ambiguous argument

(iii) Very simple argument

(iv) Superfluous argument

(V)  Question back argument

Step II: Argument I will follow because previous experience predict.

Step III: Argument I is desirable.

Step IV: Argument I is properly related with course of action. Here it has been advocated that India should allow multinationals to explore the resources available under sea in its vast economic zone. Here this advocacy have been supported by balance argument that India does not have enough technical and financial resource to conduct such exploration.

Hence, only argument I is strong. So, your right choice is Ans (1)

 

4) only argument I is strong. So our choice is Ans.(1)

 

5) Ans.(1)

 

6) Ans.(2)

 

7) Ans.(4)

 

9) The argument I in support is not valid because films also educate masses. Similarly, argument II against the statement is weak because it is not the only way to educate the masses, there are other ways as well. Ans (3)

 

10) Connecting remote parts by roads will only help the people there. So, argument II is a very simple argument: Ans.(2)