In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent cause. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as

* (A) If statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect;

* (B) If statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect;

* (C) If both the statements I and II are independent causes;

* (D) If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes; and

* (E) If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.


Q1: Statements

  1. The prices of petrol and diesel in the domestic market have remained unchanged for the past few months.
  2. The crude oil prices in the international market have gone up substantially in the last few months


Q2: Statements

  1. The government has recently fixed the fees for professional courses offered by the unaided institutions which are much lower than the fees charged last year.
  2. The parents of the aspiring students launched a severe agitation last year protesting against the high fees charged by the unaided institutions.


Q3: Statements

  1. All the schools in the area had to be kept closed for most part of the week.
  2. Many parents have withdrawn their children from the local schools.


Q4: Statements

  1. There is unprecedented increase in the number of young unemployed in comparison to the previous year.
  2. A large number of candidates submitted applications against an advertisement for the post of manager issued by a bank.


Q5: Statements

  1. The police authority has recently caught a group of house breakers.
  2. The citizens group in the locality has started night vigil in the area.


DIRECTIONS: Read the events and mark your answer as

  1. If ‘A’ is the effect and ‘B’ is its immediate and principal cause.
  2. If ‘A’ is the immediate and principal cause and ‘B’ is its effect.
  3. If A’ is an effect but ‘B’ is not its immediate and principal cause.
  4. If ‘B’ is an effect but A’ is not its immediate and principal cause.
  5. None of these.


Q6: Statements

Event A          : Madhumita has got a strange skin infection that seems incurable.

Event B        : Last week, Madhumita spent a week with the villagers of Sultanganj where water is not potable.


Q7: Statements

Event A         : Young people watch a lot of MTV and rock videos.

Event B         : Drug addiction is a big problem with our college-going generation.


Q8: Statements

Event A          : Romeo loved beauty and innocence.

Event B         : Juliet was beautiful and innocent.


Q9: Statements

Event A         : Uttarkashi is very prone to earthquakes.

Event B          : According to seismologists, there is a lot of tectonic activity going on in the belt below Uttarkashi.


Q10: Statements

Event A          : Curfew has been declared in the city.

Event B         : There is hardly any visible activity in the city and the shops are closed.


1. Option D


The prices of petrol and diesel being stagnant in the domestic market and the increase in the same in the international market must be backed by independent causes.


2. Option B


The parents’ protest against high fees being charged by the institutions led the government to interfere and fix the fees at a more affordable level.


3. Option D


Closing the schools for a week and the parents withdrawing their wards from the local schools are independent issues, which must have been triggered by different individual causes.


4. Option A


An increase in the number of unemployed youth is bound to draw in huge crowds for a single vacancy.


5. Option E


Both the statements are clearly backed by a common cause, which is clearly an increase in the number of thefts in the locality.


6. Event B in past tense, A in present. So A must be the effect.

But we can’t definitely say if here skin infection is caused by the unpotable drinking water. Ans.(3)


7. The cause-effect scheme suggested here is simple, cultural influence is the cause; drug addiction is its effect. But it is debatable if the said cultural influence is the main and immediate cause for the drug’ addition. Can we surely say that if we stop all such broadcasts immediately, the problem will be sorted? We can’t, it may diminish but it won’t be wiped out. This is because drug addiction has several causes and cultural influence is only one (and not the principal one) of them. Hence, Ans.(4)


8. The two statements have no causal connection with each other. Ans.(5)


9. Tectonic activities underneath are the immediate and principal cause for the area being prone to earthquake. Ans.(1)


10. Declaration of the curfew is the principal or immediate cause whose effect is seen with no activity going on in the city. Ans.(2)