PROBLEMS

A) Direction: Find Unnecessary Modifiers and Determiners

  1. Any kind of action on the part of the government can exacerbate the current situation.
  2. Despite the advancement of technology, a few problems that hinder long manned space mission.
  3. We need to offer protection to the endangered species in order to protect the biome, which is sensitive.

 

B)Direction: Each of the following questions in the form of a sentence that is broken up into four parts, (1), (2), (3) and (4), choose the part that contains error/s.

1.Dresses, skirts, shoes, and children’s clothing are advertised at great reduced prices this weekend.

2. Mamta and her sister  just bought two new winter at the clearance sale.

3. A lunch of soup and sandwiches do not appeal to all of the students.

4.Some of us have to study their lessons more carefully if we expect to pass this examination.

5. The instructor advised the students for the procedures to follow in writing the term paper.

6.A five-thousand –dollars reward was offered for the capture of the escaped

7. The equipment in the office was badly in need of to be repaired.

 

CTS QUESTIONS

A) DIRECTION: In each of the following questions, some sentences are given which are on the same theme. Decide which sentence is the most preferable with respect to grammar; meaning and usage, suitable for formal writing in English. Find the correct sentence.

1.A) The teacher asked the student with a frown on his face, to leave the room.

B) The teacher asked with a frawn on his face the student to leave the room.

C) With a frawn on his face, the teacher asked the student to leave the room.

D) The teacher asked the student to leave the room with a frawn on his face.

 

2.A) The harassed wife shot herself after bidding her husband the last good bye with a gun.

B) The harassed wife with a gun shot herself after bidding her husband the last goodbye.

C) The harassed wife shot herself with a gun after bidding her husband the last goodbye.

D) With a gun the harassed wife shot herself, after bidding her husband the last goodbye.

 

3. A) The receptionist must answer courteously the questions what are asked by the callers.

B) The receptionist must answer courteously the questions of all the callers.

C) The receptionist should answer courteously the questions of all callers.

D) The receptionist courteously should answer the questions of all callers.

E) There would have been no trouble if the receptionist had have always answered courteously.

 

4.A) The boy regretted that he had spend a greater part of his vacation in the chair with a plastered leg.

B) With a plastered leg, the boy regretted that he had spent a greater part of his vacation in the chair.

C) The boy regretted that a plastered leg he had spent a greater part of his vacation in the chair.

D) The boy with a plastered leg regretted that he had spent a greater part of his vacation in the chair.

 

5.A) It is a pleasure to see an alligator basking in the sunshine on a river bank as long as 90 feet.

B) It is a pleasure to see an alligator as long as 90 feet basking in the sunshine on a river bank

C) It is a pleasure to see an alligator basking in the sunshine as long as 90 feet on a river bank

D) It is a pleasure to see an alligator basking as long as 90 feet in the sunshine on a river bank.

 

B)Directions for Questions: Read each sentence to find if there is any grammatical error in it. If there is any error, it will be only one part of the sentence. The number or alphabet of that part is your answer. (Disregard punctuation errors if any)

6) I never have / visited / or intend to visit / foreign countries

7) The clothes / were neatly / hanged /on the cloth line

8) Modern film techniques / are far superior / than that / employed in the past /

9) I believe / that respect / is more preferable than / money.

 

C) Directions Q10 and Q11: Identify which part of the sentence has error and mark it as answer

10) (A) The professor tried his very best/ (B) to bring home /(C) the students who /(D) worked hard./(E) No error.

11) (A) The bridal gown was most (B) unique: the (C) bridegroom designed it (D) and his mother provided the lace fabric. (E) No error.

 

D) Directions for Q12: One of the four sentences given in each question is grammatically wrong . Find the incorrect sentence.

  1. A) Sumit is my elder brother.
  2. B) He is two years younger to me.
  3. C) He is the eldest man of this village.
  4. D) Ravi is five years older than me.

 

E) Directions for Q13: In each of the following questions, some sentences are given which are on the same theme. Decide which sentence is the most preferable with respect to grammar; meaning and usage, suitable for formal writing in English. Find the correct sentence.

  1. A) It is far too hard an essay for me to attempt.
  2. B) It is too far hard an essay to attempt for me.
  3. C) Too far it is an essay hard for me to attempt.
  4. D) It is too hard an essay for me to far attempt

 

F) Direction Q14 And Q15: Choose the Correct Sentence from the Four Alternatives

14) He had ————–his face grow larger than they should.

a) A unique disease that made bones from

b) a rare disease that made the bones of

c) an unnatural disease that will make the bones of

d) a special disease that made bones in

 

15)

a) I enjoyed a visit to the museum;It was far interesting than I expected

b) My visit to the museum was by far interesting so I enjoyed it

c) I enjoyed the visit to the museum;It was far more interesting than I had expected

d) I enjoyed our visit to the museum as it was far more interesting than we expected.

Practice Exercise 1

Direction for questions: Complete each sentence using a word from the box.

Amusing/amused                annoying/annoyed            boring/bored                    disgusting/disgusted                       exciting/excited              Exhausting/ exhausted      interesting/interested      surprising / surprised     Confusing/confused

  1. He works very hard. It’s not —————. That he’s always tired.
  2. I’ve got nothing to do. I’m ……………………………………….. .
  3. The teacher’s explanation was …………………. Most of the students didn’t understand it.
  4. The kitchen hadn’t been cleaned for ages. It was really ……………………………….. .
  5. I seldom visit art galleries. I’m not particularly …………………………. in art.
  6. There’s no need to get ………………………………..just because I’m a few minutes late.
  7. The lecture was ……………………….. . I fell asleep.
  8. I’ve been working very hard all day and now I’m ……………………………………… .
  9. I’m starting a new job next week. I’m very ………………………….. about it.
  10. Steve is very good at telling funny stories. He can be very ………………………………… .

Practice Exercise 2

Direction: Mark the adjectives and adverbs in the given sentences

1) Jack spoke confidently to the audience urging them to elect him president of the union. He     knew he had a good chance of winning the election.

2) The hot, humid weather made it difficult to enjoy the tropical beach. Miriam seemed more uncomfortable than relaxed.

3) The skies became surprisingly dark as the moon moved between the Earth and the Sun. As the eclipse progressed, the people in the streets stood silently waiting for the sun’s warmth to return.

4) After the medieval cathedral was tragically burnt down last year, the city quickly rebuilt it stone for stone. It looks exactly the same as it did before the fire.

5) We gradually noticed changes in Diane’s personality; she became quiet and withdrawn from her friends and family. We finally realized that we had to do something about her drinking problem before it was too late.

6) Her voice sounds beautiful. She sang the song exactly as it was written. We heard it perfectly.

7) We have not worked too hard lately.

8) He measured the floor exactly. They proved to be perfectly exact measurements.

9) Mother grew calm after she heard the good news.

10) I found this novel very interesting. The novel was written amazingly by a well known novelist.


ANSWERS

A) Direction: Find Unnecessary Modifiers and Determiners

  1. Any kind of action on the part of the government can exacerbate the current situation.
  • In the given sentence, the words kind, and part are adding nothing to the sentence.  Any governmental action can exacerbate the current situation. (concise)
  1. Despite the advancement of technology,  a few problems that hinder long manned space mission.
  • Clarity missing in the given sentence, where a few problems that hinder?
  • Correct: Despite the advancement of technology, there are still a few problems that hinder long manned space mission.
  1. We need to offer protection to the endangered species in order to protect the biome, which is sensitive. (wordy)
  • Correct: We need to protect the endangered species to protect the sensitive biome.

 

B)Direction: Each of the following questions in the form of a sentence that is broken up into four parts, (1), (2), (3) and (4), choose the part that contains error/s

  1. 4 unnecessary word- great
  2. 2 unnecessary word- just
  3. 3 Subject-Verb Agreement does not
  4. 2 Parallel Pronoun, us, we, hence our
  5. 3 Procedures to be followed not follow
  6. 2 Dollar not dollars
  7. 4 being repaired

Practice Exercise 1

Direction for questions: Complete each sentence using a word from the box.

  1. He works very hard. It’s not surprising. That he’s always tired.
  2. I’ve got nothing to do. I’m bored.
  3. The teacher’s explanation was confusing. Most of the students didn’t understand it.
  4. The kitchen hadn’t been cleaned for ages. It was really disgusting
  5. I seldom visit art galleries. I’m not particularly interested in art.
  6. There’s no need to get annoyed just because I’m a few minutes late.
  7. The lecture was boring. I fell asleep.
  8. I’ve been working very hard all day and now I’m exhausted.
  9. I’m starting a new job next week. I’m very excited about it.
  10. Steve is very good at telling funny stories. He can be very amusing.

 

Practice Exercise 2

Direction: Mark the adjectives and adverbs in the given sentences

1) Jack spoke confidently to the audience urging them to elect him president of the union. He     knew he had a good chance of winning the election.

Explanation

In this sentence the word confidently act as an adverb because it answers the question “How did Jack speak?” and the word good act as an adjective because it answers the question “What kind of chance he had for winning?”

 

2) The skies became surprisingly dark as the moon moved between the Earth and the Sun. As the eclipse progressed, the people in the streets stood silently waiting for the sun’s warmth to return.

Explanation

In this sentence the word humid and tropical act as adjectives because they answer the questions “What kind of weather?” and “What kind of beach?” , the word more act as an adverb because it answer the question “To what extent Miriam is uncomfortable?”

 

3) The skies became surprisingly dark as the moon moved between the Earth and the Sun. As the eclipse progressed, the people in the streets stood silently waiting for the sun’s warmth to return.

Explanation

In this sentence the word surprisingly act as an adverb because it answer the question “How did the skies became dark?” and the word silently act an adverb because it answers the question “How where the people waiting for the sun?”

 

4) After the medieval cathedral was tragically burnt down last year, the city quickly rebuilt it stone for stone. It looks exactly the same as it did before the fire.

Explanation

In this sentence the word tragically, quickly and exactly act as adverbs because they answer the questions “How did the cathedral burnt?” , “How the city rebuilt?” and “How the city look?”.

 

5) We gradually noticed changes in Diane’s personality; she became quiet and withdrawn from her friends and family. We finally realized that we had to do something about her drinking problem before it was too late.

Explanation

In this sentence the word gradually, finally and too act as adverbs because they answer the questions “How did they noticed?”, “When did they realized?” and “To what extent it should not be late?”

 

6) Her voice sounds beautiful. She sang the song exactly as it was written. We heard it perfectly.
Explanation

In this sentence the word beautiful act as an adjective because it answer the question “What kind of voice?” the words exactly and perfectly act as adverbs because they answer the questions “How did she sang the song?” and “How did they heard?”.

 

7) We have not worked too hard lately

Explanation

In this sentence the word hard and lately act as adverbs because they answer the questions “How will you not work?” and “When will you not work hard?”.

 

8) He measured the floor exactly. They proved to be perfectly exact measurements.

Explanation

In this sentence the word exactly acts as an adverb because it answer the question “How did he measured the floor?” and the word perfectly act as adverb as it modifies an adjective exact that describes the noun measurement.

 

9) Mother grew calm after she heard the good news.

Explanation

In this sentence the word calm act as an adverb because it answer the question “How did the mom grew?” and the word good act as an adjective because it answer the question “What kind of news it was?”

 

10) I found this novel very interesting. The novel was written amazingly by a well known novelist.

Explanation

In this sentence the word interesting act as an adjective because it answer the question “What kind of novel it was?” and the word amazingly act as an adverb because it answer the question “How the novel was written?” and the word well is an adverb because it answer the question “To what extent the novelist is known?”.