PROBLEMS

Exercise 1: Identifying Non-Parallel Elements In each of the following lists, one element does not fit with the others. Underline the non-parallel element.

Example: a) a large building              b) a huge park             c) a relative of mine

  1. a) on the footpath                    b) under the tree                      c) my office
  2. a) a burger                                 b) a sandwich                            c) lots of fun
  3. a) to wash the clothes              b) cleaning the bathroom      c) to vacuum the carpet
  4. a) he called his brother           b) he went home                      c) determination to do the right thing
  5. a) easily                                      b) carefully                                c) without looking
  6. a) anger                                      b) social                                      c) emotional

 

Exercise 2: Identifying Parallel Elements in Sentences In the following sentences, underline the parallel elements. Draw two parallel lines like this (//) where the parallelism begins and ends.

Example: Most offices have // photocopiers, fax machines and computers // for their employees to use.

  1. Employees use computers to write letters, keep records, calculate expenses, and do payroll.
  2. Computers are useful, but frustrating, tools.
  3. Unfortunately, computers cannot think the way humans do, and humans cannot think the way computers do.
  4. Companies complain that computers are expensive to purchase and to maintain, but they also note that computers are necessary for the modern office.
  5. In fact, both employees and employers seem to love and hate computers with equal passion.
  6. Despite this ambivalence, computers are used in the offices of travel agencies, manufacturing plants, department stores, and government agencies.

 

Exercise 3: Choose the correct phrase

In her candid autobiography, the author discusses her early years, her desire to become an actress, and how she made her debut on the stage.

a.to become an actress, and how she made

b.that she become an actress, and how she made

c.to become an actress, and

d.that she become an actress, and

e.that she become an actress and that she make

Direction: In sentences containing a series of two or more items, check to see if the same form has been used for all the items in the series. Do not mix infinitives with gerunds, adjectives with participle phrases, or verbs with nouns.

1. True inspiration should come not only from outside but it should also come from within.

a.it should also come from within.

b.it should come from within also.

c.also should it come from within.

d.within also

e.from within also.

 

2. Jerusalem, the holy site known to Jews as the Temple Mount and as Haram al-Sharif to Muslims  (Noble Sanctuary), has unfortunately become the epicentre of controversy.

a.as Haram al-Sharif to muslims

b.known to muslims as Haram al-Sharif

c.to muslims as Haram al-Sharif

d.which is known as Haram al-Sharif to muslims

e.which is known to Muslims as Haram al-Sharif

 

3. The fundamental changes in the economic sphere of Mexico resulted from The Mexican Revolution of 1910  and instigating new legislation, brought protection to workers and ownership rights of petroleum, water and subsoil minerals to the state.

a.and instigating

b.but instigating

c.and instigated

d.though instigated

e.and were instigated by

 

4. Betsy loves summertime when she swims, plays tennis, and is making friends.

a. and is making friends.

b.and makes friends.

c.and is able to be making friends.

d.and friends are made.

e.and there will be friends to make.

ANSWERS

Exercise 1: Identifying Non-Parallel Elements In each of the following lists, one element does not fit with the others. Underline the non-parallel element.

  1. a) on the footpath                  b) under the tree                    c)my office
  2. a) a burger                               b) a sandwich                         c)lots of fun
  3. a) to wash the clothes           b)cleaning the bathroom      c) to vacuum the carpet
  4. a) he called his brother         b) he went home                    c)determination to do the right thing
  5. a) easily                                    b) carefully                              c)without looking
  6. a)anger                                     b) social                                   c) emotional

 

Exercise 2 : Identifying Parallel Elements in Sentences In the following sentences, underline the parallel elements. Draw two parallel lines like this (//) where the parallelism begins and ends.

Example: Most offices have // photocopiers, fax machines and computers // for their employees to use.

  1. Employees use computers to //write letters, keep records, calculate expenses, and do payroll//
  2. Computers are //useful, but frustrating//, tools.
  3. Unfortunately, //computers cannot think the way humans do, and humans cannot think the way computers do//.
  4. Companies complain that computers are expensive //to purchase and to maintain//, but they also note that computers are necessary for the modern office.
  5. In fact, both //employees and employers// seem to// love and hate// computers with equal passion.
  6. Despite this ambivalence, computers are used in the offices of //travel agencies, manufacturing plants, department stores, and government agencies//.

 

Exercise 3: Choose the correct phrase

In her candid autobiography, the author discusses her early years, her desire to become an actressand how she made her debut on the stage.

  1. to become an actress, and how she made
  2. that she become an actress, and how she made
  3. to become an actress, and (Correct)
  4. that she become an actress, and
  5. that she become an actress and that she make

 

Direction: In sentences containing a series of two or more items, check to see if the same form has been used for all the items in the series. Do not mix infinitives with gerunds, adjectives with participle phrases, or verbs with nouns.

  1. e)  Correct: True inspiration should come not only from outside but from within also
  2. c)  Correct: Jerusalem, the holy site known to jews as the Temple Mount and  to muslims as Haram al-      Sharif(Noble Sanctuary), has unfortunately become the epicenter of controversy.
  3. a)  Correct: The fundamental changes in the economic sphere of Mexico, resulted from The Mexican Revolution of 1910  and instigating  new legislations, brought protection to workers and ownership rights of petroleum, water and subsoil minerals to the state.
  4. b)

Explanation:  Usage of parallelism is wrong in the given sentence.The verbs ‘swims’,’plays’ are in simple form whereas the verb’is making’is gerund here.Either the sentence should be in simple form or it should use gerund alone.So, Option B is correct answer.