This section covers the following topics:

  • Format of RC section
  • Types of Questions

Format of RC Section

The reading comprehension items are of two general categories: referring and reasoning. Within each of these two general categories are several content categories that further specify the skills and knowledge assessed by each item.

Referring items pose questions about material explicitly stated in a passage.

Reasoning items assess proficiency at making appropriate inferences, developing a critical understanding of the text, and determining the specific meanings of difficult, unfamiliar, or ambiguous words based on the surrounding context.

Samples of types of questions and sample passages are given to give you an instant approach of reading the passage.

Note that since the questions asked are to test the ability to read a passage and comprehend its meaning, we have to judge the correctness of an answer on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage. Even if the information runs counter of what we believe to be correct, our answer should be based only upon what the author says in the passage.

Remember, in RC questions, all the information needed to answer a question is in the passage itself, either stated directly or hinted indirectly.

So, let us get to know the types of questions.

Types of Questions

From the examination or placement point of view, the RC section can be broadly subdivided into six categories. Here we have sample passages to make the candidate to master different RC questions to excoriate the fear of RC from his mind forever.

RC usually includes questions that test the ability to:

  • Find the main idea, the suitable title for the text, the purpose, the theme, the main argument, the thesis, or we may be asked to determine the best option that expresses authors thought and so on.
  • Determine information directly specified. The answer to some of these questions may be so obvious that make us to take it as tricky and opt with other choice. Hence, these are called ‘Evidence Questions’ as we have to find the evidence of the writer, who may have presented or related the word with others view. So, complete understanding should be our goal.


These test, the correct statement, incorrect statement, includes all the items except—-, and the author wants to state that—— etc.

  • Draw inferences from the passage, these types of questions are the most difficult since we have to answer that is not stated clearly in the text. Thus, named as ‘indirect questions’. This increases the probability of error, but one can overcome by grasping author’s idea, or sustainable inferences based on the facts presented in the passage. Compare the facts, logic used by the author, and then decide the option which can be inferred from them. And, sometimes the contradict inference is asked.


These test- the passage intention is to, the author probably feels that, it can be implied from the given statement that——-etc.

  • Logical structure of questions asks – why the author introduces specific point, gives particular example, quotes someone etc. Since, the questions make us to focus on ‘why’ of the subject matter. Therefore, it becomes important to read and to understand the referred line of statement, example, and to know the mind set of author.
  • Vocabulary Questions, to determine the meaning of strange words used in the passage, the purpose of this kind of questions is to analyze how to extract the meaning, not by assumption but by finding the purpose of occurrence of the word used in the text.
  • Ability to determine the author’s style mood or point of view. Some questions will ask to identify the mood, style of the author or the approach to the subject. Such questions are usually asked last. Our response to such questions should be based upon an overall understanding of the text rather than by bits of evidence. And also, vocabulary plays an important role in handling these questions as the words like ‘eulogistic’ or ‘satirical’ are not commonly used in colloquial or written English.


Conclusion: The following pages list every proven technique for succeeding in the RC section. All the types with examples and practice exercise with suggested time to read and understand will improve our efficiency of answering RC questions.

Get ready to learn the tips, to comprehend and to improve speed of reading and understanding.